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Kashmir: Largest militarized territorial disputeAccording to the CIA World Factbook, the dispute between China, India and Pakistan for the Kashmir region is the largest and the most militarized territorial dispute currently on the planet, despite the massive earthquake that devastated the area in 2005 and killed 80,000 people. The former Indian state has been fought over since the end of British rule of India and partition in 1947. India also refuses to recognize Pakistan's ceding of Kashmir lands to China in 1964, and recently claimed that China transferred nuclear weapons to Pakistan.
In 1989, Islamic militant groups began a fight for independence, and India has since deployed an estimated 1 million troops in the region. At any one time, up to 1 million troops confront each other across the Line of Control that separates Indian- and Pakistani- controlled Kashmir.